- Mission Design and Orbit-Attitude Control Algorithms Development of Multistatic SAR Satellites for Very-High-Resolution
- 게시글 내용
Mission Design and Orbit-Attitude Control Algorithms Development of Multistatic SAR Satellites for Very-High-Resolution Stripmap Imaging
Sangwon Lee, Sang Young Park, Jeongbae Kim, Min Ho Ka, Youngbum Song
This study designs a multistatic synthetic aperture radar (SAR) formation-flying system for very-high-resolution stripmap imaging (VHRSI) using manufacturable SAR microsatellites. Multistatic SAR formation specifications for VHRSI are derived based on the SAR image theory. For the simultaneous multi-satellite operation, the advantages of the autonomous orbit and attitude control are prominent in terms of the workload of the ground station or the efficient performance of missions. Therefore, the autonomous relative-orbit-control algorithm using relative orbital elements is developed to maintain the designed multistatic SAR formation. Additionally, an autonomous attitude-control algorithm for multistatic SAR imaging is designed by applying the optimal right-ascension of the descending node (RADN) sector concept. Finally, the resolution improvement of VHRSI is verified through multistatic SAR imaging simulations. The multistatic SAR formation is designed with three satellites separated by 7.5 km each in the along-track direction. Autonomous relative orbit control maintains the relative position error within 45 m (3σ). Additionally, the autonomous attitude control simulation verifies that the satellites perform attitude maneuvers suitable for the operation mode, and the pointing error is maintained within 0.0035° (3σ). The spatial resolution of the multistatic SAR system for VHRSI is 0.95 × 0.96 m, which satisfies the very-high-spatial-resolution requirement.
- Sangwon Lee, Sang Young Park